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Particle Mystery Deepens As ‘Strong’ New Evidence Hints at ‘5th’ Force in Nature


Reidar Hahn / Fermilab

Like the four cardinal elements of yesteryear, or the four cardinal directions, there are also four forces in nature, which make particles move in different ways, such as gravity and electromagnetism.

Through discoveries made while working with a fundamental particle called a muon, physicists working in Chicago have recently made the case for a fifth force of nature, something that would turn physics upside down.

Called the Muon g-2 experiment, conducted at the US Department of Energy’s Fermi Laboratory, the results could point to an undiscovered particle or an entirely new force acting in the universe, which would be much more exciting.

While crushing atoms in a particle accelerator, an international team of researchers discovered that some particles “wobbled” in ways that could not be explained by the current theory of the four forces: gravity, electromagnetism, and two nuclear forces: the strong force. and the weak force.

A muon is about 200 times more massive than its cousin, the electron. Muons occur naturally when cosmic rays strike the Earth’s atmosphere.

“This quantity that we measure reflects the interactions of the muon with everything else in the universe. But when theorists calculate the same amount, using all the known forces and particles in the Standard Model, we don’t get the same answer, ”he said. Renee Fatemi, a physicist in the University of Kentucky and the simulation manager in an officer Press release.

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Several mysteries permeate astrophysics that could be attributed to an as yet undetected force of nature, such as why galaxies spin faster than mathematical calculations suggest.

Professor Mark Lancaster from the University of Manchester told BBC News: “Clearly this is very exciting because it potentially points to a future with new laws of physics, new particles and a new force that we have not seen to date.”

However, for now, the experiment currently carries a “1” instead of a “0” in the column labeled “chance this was just a fluke.”

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The BBC reports However, other experiments in Japan, the US, and at the Large Hadron Collider in Europe have produced experiments of a similar nature, and GNN can only imagine that physicists everywhere will once again accelerate their particle accelerators to obtain more information on this. Mystery of the fifth force, and potentially taking the discipline to a new age.

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