Globally, deaths from terrorism fell for the fifth year in a row in 2019, a 15 percent decline from the previous year, continuing a positive trend.
The 2020 Global Terrorism Index (GTI) reports this week that deaths from terrorism peaked in 2014 and the number of deaths has now decreased by 59 percent since then.
The annual report, now in its eighth year, is developed by the Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP) think tank, which uses a number of factors to calculate its score, including the number of incidents, deaths, injuries and damage to the property.
103 countries improved their scores, with the largest declines in deaths occurring in Afghanistan and Nigeria, although they are still the only two countries to have experienced more than 1,000 deaths from terrorism. This is the highest number of countries showing a year-on-year improvement since the index began.
The Middle East and North Africa recorded the largest regional improvement in terrorism for the second year in a row, recording the fewest deaths since 2003.
The largest increase in terrorism occurred in Burkina Faso, and deterioration was also reported in Sri Lanka, Mozambique, Mali, and Niger.
Conflict remains the main driver of terrorism, and more than 96% of deaths from terrorism in 2019 occurred in countries that were already in conflict.
The Central American and Caribbean region registered the least impact of terrorism.
Terrorist deaths attributed to the Taliban decreased by 18 percent and ISIL’s strength and influence also continued to decline, especially in the Middle East and North Africa. For the first time since the group became active, it was responsible for fewer than 1,000 deaths in one year.
The decline in terrorism has also been accompanied by a reduction in the global economic impact of terrorism, which fell by 25 percent.
Since COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020, preliminary data suggests a decline in both incidents and deaths from terrorism in most regions of the world.
The full GTI 2020 report is available online at visionofhumanity.org.
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