A band of more than 50 countries, chaired by France, the United Kingdom and Costa Rica, has committed to an ambitious effort to conserve and protect 30% of the world’s land and oceans by 2030.
The deal was made by the fledgling High Ambition Coalition for People and Nature (HAC) at the One Planet Summit for Biodiversity in Paris earlier this week.
This coalition will now push the ’30 × 30 ‘target at the next UN Biodiversity Council meeting in Kunming, China, in May 2021.
The last time conservation targets like this were set were the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets, established in Japan in 2010, which were largely a failure when the 2020 target year arrived.
This time, HAC is hopeful that the diverse coalition of participants, stronger commitments, and previous experience in conservation attempts on such a massive scale will increase the possibility of what would effectively be a duplication of all protected areas on land. and a quadruple of that at sea.
While 30% seems just another arbitrary government figure, the HAC claims that scientists estimates suggest That 30% would be a “necessary interim,” one that would halt species and habitat loss long enough to ensure short-term catastrophes are avoided.
Along with almost all of Europe, the HAC includes several countries; some leaders in regional wealth, others in biodiversity, such as Japan, Ethiopia, Colombia, Nigeria, Peru, Mongolia, Pakistan and Kenya.
Invest in our shared future
At One Planet SummitBillions of dollars in commitments, particularly from the UK, highlighted initial support for the 30×30 initiative.
Prince carlos unveiled the Terra Charter, a roadmap for private sector financing that places the sustainable use of nature at the center of investment decisions, while the government announced that £ 3bn ($ 2.2bn) would normally go towards to other climate-related projects, instead, they would divert to nature conservation.
France announced, also on One Planet, that $ 14.3 billion He was going to the ambitious Great Green Wall in Africa, a plan to restore 100 million hectares of degraded land in 11 countries across the Sahel in central and northern Africa in an attempt to create jobs, increase food security and combat desertification.
No agreement has been reached yet, however HAC plans to make a big effort at the next Biodiversity Conference to replace the old Aichi targets with the 30 × 30 concept.
“We know that there is no way to tackle climate change that does not involve a massive increase in our efforts to protect and restore nature,” said UK Environment Minister Zac Goldsmith. said of effort. “As a co-host of the next Climate Cop, the UK is absolutely committed to leading the global fight against biodiversity loss and we are proud to serve as co-chair of the High Ambition Coalition ”.
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