There are so many viruses out there that it can be difficult to stay away from all of them. Everyone is likely to contract a virus at some point in their lives. Unfortunately, the Epstein Barr virus is common. Read on to learn more about this virus and the symptoms that you shouldn’t ignore.
About the Epstein Barr virus
Epstein Barr virus is part of the human herpes virus family. It only affects humans, and the scientific name is herpesvirus 4 or HHV-4. This virus is very widespread and causes one of the most common and well-known infections: infectious mononucleosis.
Most people refer to infectious mononucleosis as infectious mononucleosis or the kiss sickness. It is very contagious, but not all people exposed to the virus will develop symptoms. It is commonly contracted through the spread of bodily fluids such as saliva, hence the nickname.
It is also one of the infections that can cause infected tonsils or tonsillitis.
Epstein Barr virus statistics
It may surprise you to learn that most people contract this virus during their lifetime, usually in childhood. In fact, scientists and medical experts believe that more than 90 percent of the world’s population has contracted the virus. However, most people don’t know it because not everyone experiences symptoms.
Treatment for the virus is usually straightforward, so there is not a high death rate from the virus. However, in some cases, the virus can cause cancer and there are a small number of deaths from it worldwide.
in a study conducted by researchers from the University of the United Arab Emirates, it was shown that in 2010 only about 1.8% of cancer-related deaths worldwide were caused by the virus. This is a small number, but it is 14% higher than 20 years earlier.
Perhaps if more people learn about the symptoms of the virus and how it spreads, this rate may begin to decline before it becomes a serious global problem. Here are 15 symptoms to watch out for that may indicate you have the virus.
15 Epstein Barr Virus Symptoms You Shouldn’t Ignore
Watch for these red flags if you suspect you have this viral infection.
Anytime he has fever, it is a serious problem. Fever is caused by many different conditions, including the Epstein Barr virus. The key is to identify the fever and see a doctor within a decent amount of time. Generally, any temperature above 100.4 ° F is considered a fever. If it gets above 103 ° F or your fever lasts more than three days, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
2. Extreme fatigue
You may feel so tired that you can’t seem to get enough sleep. It will be a different type of fatigue than normal: your whole body may feel like a weight that you are dragging. This is a clear sign that something is wrong.
A rash is not a common symptom of the virus, but it can occur. In fact there are certain types of rashes which may indicate the virus or monkey:
- Maculopapular Rash – Flat, pinkish-red patches on the skin may have small, raised, pinkish-red lesions.
- Petechiae: small, flat, reddish-purple spots. It occurs in the mouth half the time.
- Antibiotic Rash – Occurs after you’ve been mistakenly diagnosed with strep throat and taking antibiotics.
All that fatigue and fever can make you feel weak. Your body is fighting a strong virus, and the last energy you have left will be dedicated to that. You won’t be able to do as much as you normally do.
After developing the above symptoms, you may develop a headache. The headache of this virus is characterized by chronic tension-type headache. Fortunately, it is not as serious as a migraine, but it is very persistent.
6. Lack of appetite
Your body is going through some serious changes, so it’s no wonder you have a loss of appetite. In fact, you may eat so little that you experience weight loss. Most people would like to lose a few pounds, but it is preferable that it is not due to a virus.
7. Sore throat
The virus is most often contracted by kissing or some other activity that involves exchanging saliva. Sharing utensils is one example. So it invades the throat first. This is why a sore throat is often the first symptom of the virus.
8. Body aches
Body aches are common with most viruses. The Epstein Barr virus is no exception. In addition to headaches, your muscles can be chronically sore.
9. Swollen tonsils
The virus can invade your throat and reach your tonsils. This can cause sore and swollen tonsils. You may see red or white pus bumps on the back of your throat and tonsils. This often causes doctors to misidentify the condition as strep throat.
This is a less common symptom virus, but if this happens to you, consider that you may have the virus. The condition is known as hepatitis monkey, and people who develop this tend to be sicker than others. The good news is that the liver usually makes a full recovery.
11. Swollen spleen
A swollen spleen is also a symptom, although it is not common. In rare cases, about two out of every 1000 cases, the spleen can rupture. This requires immediate medical attention.
Jaundice can occur if you have monohepatitis. It occurs when bile enters the bloodstream because the liver it is not filtering it correctly. Easily Detected: It can cause yellow eyes, skin, and nails.
13. Swollen lymph nodes
Lymph nodes often swell when flooded by some foreign invader, such as a virus. On top of that, you may have bile floating from jaundice. All of this can clog the lymph nodes and cause them to malfunction.
With all the things that can happen to you from the virus, it should come as no surprise that you experience nausea. You may have toxic waste floating around your body, which can cause an adverse reaction to your digestive system. This can also contribute to poor appetite.
Vomiting is not a common symptom, but it can occur in the worst case. As with nausea, toxins may react poorly to your digestive system. Your body may try to rid itself of these toxins through vomiting.
Overcome the virus and / or monkey
If you do get this virus, it will take 6 to 8 months for you to get over it completely. Fortunately, the worst will pass much faster than that with treatment (a few weeks). The most important thing is to identify it before the virus causes serious damage to your system.
Your doctor can diagnose the virus through a physical exam or laboratory tests. The most common test is called heterophile antibody test. Your doctor may also order a complete blood count, that provides information about how your immune system handles the virus.
If you are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms, your doctor may not give you any kind of treatment other than a suggestion that you take it easy. After all, there is no treatment or cure for viruses of any kind. Treating it with antibiotics can lead to a rash (mentioned above).
If you have severe symptoms, your doctor can treat them without treating the virus. Treatments may include pain relievers, fever reducers, and more. The best treatment is to get plenty of rest and drink plenty of fluids.
You can relax knowing that serious complications are rare. However, if they do, you should seek medical attention immediately. Some examples of serious complications include:
- Meningoencephalitis: a neurological infection.
- Ruptured spleen (mentioned)
- Extreme enlargement of the tonsils, much worse than swollen tonsils
In the case of meningoencephalitis, the symptoms will be much more “neurologically” specific. They can include confusion, disorientation, neck pain, sensitivity to light, unusual behavior, and other cognitive difficulties.
It is surprising that so many people have been infected with the Epstein Barr virus and did not know it. With all the symptoms it can cause, it is difficult to imagine that a person does not know that they are sick. However, some people are lucky and only experience mild symptoms or none.
Most of the symptoms of the virus are common symptoms of many other infections and diseases. You may find it difficult to identify the virus on your own. However, these 15 symptoms or any combination of them should prompt you to visit your doctor. They will be able to identify them and give you the right treatment to make you feel like new.